Kartoffelkrankheit Und Nahrungskrise In Nordwestdeutschland 1845 1848 Veroeffentlichungen Der Historischen Kommission Fuer Niedersachsen Und Bremen Book PDF, EPUB Download & Read Online Free

Kartoffelkrankheit und Nahrungskrise in Nordwestdeutschland 1845-1848
Author: Ansgar Schanbacher
Publisher: Wallstein Verlag
ISBN: 383534059X
Pages: 503
Year: 2016-08-01
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Ein neuer, niedersächsischer Blick auf ein zentrales Thema der europäischen Geschichte - im Schnittfeld von Umwelt-, Wirtschafts- und Landesgeschichte. Ausgezeichnet mit dem Preis für Niedersächsische Landesgeschichte 2016. Anders als der »Great Famine" im Irland der 1840er Jahre sind die Ausbreitung der Kartoffelkrankheit (Phytophthora infestans) seit 1845 und eine damit verbundene Nahrungskrise 1846/47 in Deutschland weitgehend in Vergessenheit geraten. Mitte des 19. Jahrhunderts folgten ihnen Hunger, Tumulte und Auswanderung, aber auch gesteigerte Handelsaktivitäten, landwirtschaftliche Veränderungen und eine große gesellschaftliche Hilfsbereitschaft. Ansgar Schanbacher rekonstruiert diese beiden Ereignisse für das Gebiet der heutigen Bundesländer Niedersachsen und Bremen aus verschiedenen Blickwinkeln. So behandelt er die Wahrnehmung von Kartoffelkrankheit und Nahrungskrise durch die Zeitgenossen, die Reaktionen von Regierungen, Gemeinden und Betroffenen sowie den Umgang der Naturwissenschaft mit der neuen Herausforderung einer unbekannten Krankheit. Nordwestdeutschland zeigt sich dabei gut in europäische und globale Wissens- und Handelsnetzwerke integriert. Die Einzelstaaten agierten jedoch trotzdem weitgehend auf eigene Faust, um die Krise zu bewältigen und einen gesellschaftlichen Umsturz zu verhindern.
Agriculture in Capitalist Europe, 1945–1960
Author: Carin Martiin, Juan Pan-Montojo, Paul Brassley
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315465914
Pages: 298
Year: 2016-06-17
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In the years before the Second World War agriculture in most European states was carried out on peasant or small family farms using technologies that relied mainly on organic inputs and local knowledge and skills, supplying products into a market that was partly local or national, partly international. The war applied a profound shock to this system. In some countries farms became battlefields, causing the extensive destruction of buildings, crops and livestock. In others, farmers had to respond to calls from the state for increased production to cope with the effects of wartime disruption of international trade. By the end of the war food was rationed when it was obtainable at all. Only fifteen years later the erstwhile enemies were planning ways of bringing about a single agricultural market across much of continental western Europe, as farmers mechanised, motorized, shed labour, invested capital, and adopted new technologies to increase output. This volume brings together scholars working on this period of dramatic technical, commercial and political change in agriculture, from the end of the Second World War to the emergence of the Common Agricultural Policy in the early 1960s. Their work is structured around four themes: the changes in the international political order within which agriculture operated; the emergence of a range of different market regulation schemes that preceded the CAP; changes in technology and the extent to which they were promoted by state policy; and the impact of these political and technical changes on rural societies in western Europe.
Monarchy and Exile
Author: Philip Mansel, Torsten Riotte
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
ISBN: 0230249051
Pages: 361
Year: 2011-10-28
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Using detailed studies of fifteen exiled royal figures, the role of Exile in European Society and in the evolution of national cultures is examined. From the Jacobite court to the exiled Kings' of Hanover, the book provides an alternative history of monarchical power from the 16th to 20th century.
Hitler's Shadow Empire
Author: Pierpaolo Barbieri
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674728858
Pages: 349
Year: 2015
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The Nazis provided Franco’s Nationalists with planes, armaments, and tanks in their civil war against the Communists but behind this largesse was a Faustian bargain. Pierpaolo Barbieri makes a convincing case that the Nazis hoped to establish an economic empire in Europe, and in Spain they tested the tactics intended for future subject territories.
Medieval Worlds
Author: Arno Borst
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226066576
Pages: 273
Year: 1996-06-22
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In Medieval Worlds: Barbarians, Heretics, and Artists, medieval historian Arno Borst offers at once an imaginatively narrated tour of medieval society. Issues of language, power, and cultural change come to life as he examines how knights, witches and heretics, monks and kings, women poets, and disputatious university professors existed in the medieval world. Clearly interested in the forms of medieval behavior which gave rise to the seeds of modern society, Borst focuses on three in particular that gave momentum to medieval religious, social, and intellectual movements: the barbaric, heretical, and artistic. Borst concludes by reflecting on his own life as a scholar and draws out lessons for us from the turbulence of the Middle Ages.
Holocaust Memory in a Globalizing World
Author: Jacob S. Eder, Philipp Gassert, Alan E. Steinweis
ISBN: 3835319159
Pages: 256
Year: 2016-10-31
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World of the Small Farmer
Author: Patricia Croot
Publisher: Univ of Hertfordshire Press
ISBN: 1909291919
Pages: 256
Year: 2017-06-01
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This detailed and original study of early-modern agrarian society in the Somerset Levels examines the small landholders in a group of sixteen contiguous parishes in the area known as Brent Marsh. These were farmers with lifehold tenures and a mixed agricultural production whose activities and outlook are shown to be very different from that of the small 'peasant' farmers of so many general histories. Patricia Croot challenges the idea that small farmers failed to contribute to the productivity and commercialization of the early-modern economy. While the emergence of large capitalist farms was an important development, these added to the production of existing small cultivators, rather than replacing them. The idea that only large-scale, specialized farmers were involved in agricultural progress, or that their contribution alone was enough to account for the great increase in food production by the late 17th century is questioned; small farmers continued to make a living, contributed to the market, and survived alongside the new, bigger farms. Croot's in-depth study not only adds to our knowledge of agrarian society generally, but shows that far from being backward and interested primarily in subsistence farming, small producers in this area sought profit in making the best use of their resources, however limited, being flexible in their production and growing new or unusual crops. The main land tenures, copy and lease for lives, are also covered in detail, contributing to current debates on landholding and sub-tenancy. The author shows the uses to which lifehold tenures could be put, resulting in the increasing financial strength of copyholders and their dominance in local society. The effects of the tenure and profits of farming can be seen in the way that families were provided for, as well as in the roles that women played and the responsibility they had in economic and social life, while the wider interests of the inhabitants are shown in their religious and political engagement in events of the 17th century. Patricia Croot's meticulous study is a valuable contribution to English agrarian history, and in particular to the history of this under-researched region.
Luxury in Global Perspective
Author: Karin Hofmeester, Bernd-Stefan Grewe
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107108322
Pages: 338
Year: 2016-11-28
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Machine generated contents note: Luxury and global history Bernd-Stefan Grewe and Karin Hofmeester; 1. Precious things in motion: luxury and the circulation of jewels in Mughal India Kim Siebenhuner; 2. Diamonds as a global luxury commodity Karin Hofmeester; 3. Gold in twentieth-century India - a luxury? Bernd-Stefan Grewe; 4. Chinese porcelain local and global context: the imperial connection Anne Gerritsen; 5. Luxury or commodity? The success of Indian cotton cloth in the first global age Giorgio Riello; 6. The gendered luxury of wax prints in South Ghana: a local luxury good with global roots Silvia Ruschak; 7. From Venice to East Africa: history, uses and meanings of glass beads Karin Pallaver; 8. Imports and autarky: tortoiseshell in early modern Japan Martha Chaiklin; 9. Tickling and klicking the ivories - the metamorphosis of a global commodity in the nineteenth century Jonas Kranzer; 10. The conservation of luxury: safari hunting and the consumption of wildlife in twentieth-century East Africa Bernhard Gissibl; 11. Luxury as a global phenomenon: concluding remarks Bernd-Stefan Grewe and Karin Hofmeester
From Craftsmen to Capitalists
Author: Frederick L. McKitrick
Publisher: Berghahn Books
ISBN: 178533249X
Pages: 308
Year: 2016-09-30
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Politically adrift, alienated from Weimar society, and fearful of competition from industrial elites and the working class alike, the independent artisans of interwar Germany were a particularly receptive audience for National Socialist ideology. As Hitler consolidated power, they emerged as an important Nazi constituency, drawn by the party's rejection of both capitalism and Bolshevism. Yet, in the years after 1945, the artisan class became one of the pillars of postwar stability, thoroughly integrated into German society. From Craftsmen to Capitalists gives the first account of this astonishing transformation, exploring how skilled tradesmen recast their historical traditions and forged alliances with former antagonists to help realize German democratization and recovery.
My Opposition
Author: Friedrich Kellner
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108307841
Year: 2018-01-25
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This is a truly unique account of Nazi Germany at war and of one man's struggle against totalitarianism. A mid-level official in a provincial town, Friedrich Kellner kept a secret diary from 1939 to 1945, risking his life to record Germany's path to dictatorship and genocide and to protest his countrymen's complicity in the regime's brutalities. Just one month into the war he is aware that Jews are marked for extermination and later records how soldiers on leave spoke openly about the mass murder of Jews and the murder of POWs; he also documents the Gestapo's merciless rule at home from euthanasia campaigns against the handicapped and mentally ill to the execution of anyone found listening to foreign broadcasts. This essential testimony of everyday life under the Third Reich is accompanied by a foreword by Alan Steinweis and the remarkable story of how the diary was brought to light by Robert Scott Kellner, Friedrich's grandson.
The European Canton Trade 1723
Author: Marlene Kessler, Kristin Lee, Daniel Menning
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110421534
Pages: 442
Year: 2016-06-20
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This critically-commented source edition contains the commercial directions, merchant diary and naval log of four East India Company ships, which sailed from London to Canton, China in 1723, as well as the travelogue of another contemporary trader who sailed from Ostend. It highlights the roles of cooperation and competition in shaping the relations between these and other European companies as well as the everyday lives of European merchants and mariners. The edition thus sheds new light on the history of the East Indies trade during the eighteenth century and its role in encouraging early modern globalization.
Imaginations and Configurations of Polish Society
Author: Jürgen Heyde, Dietlind Hüchtker, Dobrochna Kalwa, Yvonne Kleinmann, Joanna Nalewajko-Kulikov, Katrin Steffen, Tomasz Wiślicz-Iwańczyk
ISBN: 3835319043
Pages: 372
Year: 2017-02
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Cultures of Disaster
Author: Greg Bankoff
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135785902
Pages: 256
Year: 2003-08-27
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In this fascinating and comprehensive study, Greg Bankoff traces the history of natural hazards in the Philippines from the records kept by the Spanish colonisers to the 'Calamitous Nineties', and assesses the effectiveness of the relief mechanisms that have evolved to cope with these occurrences. He also examines the correlation between this history of natural disasters and the social hierarchy within Filipino society. The constant threat of disaster has been integrated into the schema of daily life to such an extent that a 'culture of disaster' has been formed.
Writing 20th Century International History
Author: Carole Fink
ISBN: 3835330063
Pages: 224
Year: 2017-02-27
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Social Vulnerability to Disasters, Second Edition
Author: Deborah S.K. Thomas, Brenda D. Phillips, William E. Lovekamp, Alice Fothergill
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1466516380
Pages: 514
Year: 2013-05-09
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The 2010 Haiti and Chili earthquakes, the 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, and the 2011 Fukushima earthquake and tsunami in Japan are but a few examples of recent catastrophic events that continue to reveal how social structure and roles produce extensive human suffering and differential impacts on individuals and communities. These events bring social vulnerability to the forefront in considering how disasters unfold, clearly revealing that disasters are not created from the physical event alone. Equally important, people—even those considered vulnerable—respond in innovative and resilient ways that unveil the strength of human ingenuity and spirit. It is not a foregone conclusion that a hazard event, even a large one, will result in catastrophic loss. This updated second edition of Social Vulnerability to Disasters focuses on the social construction of disasters, demonstrating how the characteristics of an event are not the only reason that tragedies unfurl. By carefully examining and documenting social vulnerabilities throughout the disaster management cycle, the book remains essential to emergency management professionals, the independent volunteer sector, homeland security, and related social science fields, including public policy, sociology, geography, political science, urban and regional planning, and public health. The new edition is fully updated, more international in scope, and incorporates significant recent disaster events. It also includes new case studies to illustrate important concepts. By understanding the nuances of social vulnerability and how these vulnerabilities compound one another, we can take steps to reduce the danger to at-risk populations and strengthen community resilience overall. Features and Highlights from the Second Edition: Contains contributions from leading scholars, professionals, and academics, who draw on their areas of expertise to examine vulnerable populations Incorporates disaster case studies to illustrate concepts, relevant and seminal literature, and the most recent data available In addition to highlighting the U.S. context, integrates a global approach and includes numerous international case studies Highlights recent policy changes and current disaster management approaches Infuses the concept of community resilience and building capacity throughout the text Includes new chapters that incorporate additional perspectives on social vulnerability Instructor’s guide, PowerPoint® slides, and test bank available with qualifying course adoption

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